Egyptian Museum, Munich

Visited on 26th April 2017

The Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst (State Museum of Egyptian Art) is an archaeological museum in Munich. It contains the Bavarian state collection of Ancient Egypt art, and displays exhibits from both the predynastic and dynastic periods.

The associated small Middle East section displays objects from the areas of Assyrian and Babylonian culture. For decades, the Egyptian museum was located in the Munich Residenz, but it was moved to the Kunstareal in June 2013.

Address: Gabelsbergerstraße 35, 80333 München, Germany

Hours: Monday:Closed,

Tuesday: 10am–8pm

Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturdays & Sundays: 10am–6pm

Telephone: +49 89 28927630

Website: http://www.smaek.de/index.php?id=999

Entrance was 7 Euros and media is available upon request, there is a large ticket and cloakroom/toilet facilities as well as a small shop.

The museum displays Ancient Egyptian artifacts, such as statues, sculptures, cult articles, papyri, stone tablets with hieroglyphics, glasswares, jewellery, amulets but also mummies, textiles and household goods.

About 2000 of more than 8000 objects are displayed permanently. There are also temporary exhibitions.

Below are a few pictures but to view the entire collection (800 photos) please visit: Flickr (MattAmunRe@Yahoo.com)

https://www.flickr.com/photos/127735911@N08/albums/with/72157680407811253

Among the most distinguished exhibits are the famous duplex statue portraying the pharaoh Nyuserre Ini as a youth and as an elder man, the false door of the grave chamber of Menes, the statues of the pharaohs Amenemhat III, Ramses II, Thutmose III and Akhenaten, the sphinx of Sesostris III and of Amenhotep II, the sarcophagus lid of queen Sitdjehuti and the kneeling figure of Senenmut.

 

One of the most famous exhibits is the glass cup with the inscription of Thutmose III, the oldest glass vessel in the world (1450 BC).

The Hellenistic-Roman period is represented by master pieces such as the bust of a Seleucid ruler and the grand Egyptian statue of Antinous.

The obelisk of Titus Sextius Africanus in the atrium is 5.80 meters high, the central part dates from the 50 AD, the rest was added later and restored several times.

Very precious is the treasure of jewellery of the Nubian Queen Amanishakheto. The museum owns also the Assyrian Orthostates reliefs from the palace of king Ashur-nasir-pal II and a lion tile from the Ishtar Gate of Babylon which were once displayed in the Glyptothek.

 

 

Rjiksmuseum, Leiden

Visited on 8th of January 2017

The Rijksmuseum van Oudheden is the national archaeological museum of the Nimg_3864etherlands. It is located in Leiden. The Museum grew out of the collection of Leiden University and still closely co-operates with its Faculty of Archaeology. The museum calls itself the national centre for archaeology, and focuses on ancient Egypt, the ancient Near East, the classical world of Greece, Etruria and Rome and the early (prehistoric, Roman and Medieval) Netherlands.

Address: Rapenburg 28, 2311 EW Leiden, Netherlands

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10am – 5pm Closed Mondays

Telephone: +31 71 516 3163

Website: http://www.rmo.nl/?gclid=CPbYrO-0j9ICFYeVGwodIrUEQQ

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The museum has a larger reception area which contains an Egyptian Temple and two giant sarcophagi guarding the entrance!

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There are cloakrooms with lockers (1 & 2 euro coins required which you get back)

Adult tickets € 12.50 (Children € 4)

There is a museum shop and cafe area: http://www.rmo.nl/bezoek/museumshop

The exhibition Queens of the Nile , the new Egypt-rooms and the permanent exhibition have audio tours available for € 2 at the box office. For children there are separate audio tours made in the new Egypt-rooms.

The Egyptian Rooms

The National Museum of Antiquities has opened the new permanent exhibition of its Egyptian collection, which ranks among the ten most important Egyptian collections in the world. More than 1,400 objects are on display in the redesigned Egyptian galleries, which cover the entire ground floor.

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To see all photos please visit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/127735911@N08/albums/72157678748907650

The Queens of the Nile Exhibition runs until April 2017 to see my post visit:

 

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National Museum, Warsaw

Visited on 26th January 2017

The National Museum in Warsaw, popularly abbreviated as MNW, is a national museum in Warsaw, one of the largest museums in Poland and the largest in the capital.

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It comprises a rich collection of ancient art (Egyptian, Greek, Roman), counting about 11,000 pieces, an extensive gallery of polish painting since the 16th century and a collection of foreign painting (Italian, French, Flemish, Dutch, German and Russian) including some paintings from Adolf Hitler’s private collection, ceded to the Museum by the American authorities in post-war Germany.

The museum is also home to numismatic collections, a gallery of applied arts and a department of oriental art, with the largest collection of Chinese art in Poland, comprising some 5,000 objects.

Address: img_3398Aleje Jerozolimskie 3, 00-495 Warszawa, Poland

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10am – 6pm (Closed Mondays)

Entry Fees: 15 Zloty (£3 approx)

Website: http://www.mnw.art.pl/en/

 

The Museum has a free cloakroom and free audio guides are available for the information desk.

*Photography is allowed without flash

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The Museum boasts the Faras Gallery with Europe’s largest collection of Nubian Christian art and the Gallery of Medieval Art with artefacts from all regions historically associated with Poland, supplemented by selected works created in other regions of Europe.

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The Professor Kazimierz Michałowski Faras Gallery is the only permanent exhibition in Europe featuring Medieval Nubian paintings from the Nile River Valley south of the First Cataract. The collection of over 60 paintings from the 8th to 14th centuries came from the cathedral in the city of Faras, a large urban centre in the Medieval kingdom of Nobadia, in present-day Sudan. Nobadian rulers controlling the Nile Valley from the first to the third cataracts converted to Christianity around 548 AD  influenced by  missionaries sent from Constantinople by the Empress Theodora. The first cathedral was erected in the 7th century, when the city was still known as Pachoras, and likely stood at the exact site where Polish archaeologists taking part in the Nubia Campaign discovered the subsequent 8th century cathedral.

The Egyptian Collection

Unfortunately most of the collection is currently in storage, however a few items are to be found in the museum and i have a number of photos taken of some of the collection when it was insitu.

At the Entrance can be found a giant statue of Sekhmet, the Lion headed goddess.

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This dark diorite statue is on loan from the Louvre in Paris and is dated at around the time of Amenhotep III 18th dynasty, (1390 – 1351BC). Sekhmet holds an ankh in her left hand and on the side of the throne it describes her as the “Lady of Food”.

Another cabinet has several smaller items including the painted wooden head from an outer coffin (332 – 30BC) a small white marble head of a woman (2nd – 3rd Century AD) and several first century lamps, bowls and jugs.

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The Museum has several mummies and coffins: dating from the 21st and 22nd Dynasties.

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Papyri

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Below can be found pictures of Stela, Ostraca and other stone artefacts.

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Statues and stone heads

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National Museum of Archaeology, Lisbon

Visited on 11th of December 2016

The National Archaeology Museum of Lisbon (Portuguese: Museu Nacional de Arqueologia) is located in Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most important Portuguese museums dedicated to Archaeology.

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Address: Praça do Império, 1400-026 Lisboa, Portugal

Telephone: +351 21 362 0000

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10am – 6pm Closed Mondays

Admission 5 Euros (Free the first Sunday in any Month, not every Sunday as stated on website!)

Photography not permitted unless requested. Next to the reception are toilets and a self serving cloakroom with lockers and vending machines.

Website: http://www.museuarqueologia.pt/?a=0&x=2

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The museum was founded in 1893 by notable archaeologist José Leite de Vasconcelos, and since 1903 it occupies the Western wing of the Jerónimos Monastery, in the Belém district. The building of the museum used to be the dormitory of the monks, and was redecorated in neo-Manueline style in the second half of the 19th century. The museum is the most important centre for archaeological research in Portugal, and has a collection of finds from the whole country.

At the entrance there is agranite statue of a Lusitanian Warrior, dating from the 1st century AD and brought from Northern Portugal. The permanent exhibits are divided into Egyptian Antiquities and a collection of Treasures of Portuguese Archaeology, consisting mostly of notable metalwork dating from the Bronze and Iron Ages. The museum also possesses the most important Portuguese collection of Roman mosaics, mostly from Southern Portugal, but also from “Estremadura” (Póvoa de Cós) in the Centre.

Apart from its permanent collection, the museum often organises temporary exhibitions covering several subjects.

The Egyptian Room

The collection has over 500 pieces dating back to pre-history (c.6000-3000BC) and up to the Coptic period (395-642AD), representing most of the important periods of the Egyptian civilization.

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A- Egypt and The Nile.

As you enter you are greeted with a Stone Tablet of Udjat ‘The Eye of Horus’, this was the divine symbol of good and benevolence and resurrection, evoking the victory of good over evil. There is also a map of the Nile and Egypt.

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B- Funerary Objects and Objects of Daily Use.

Here are displays of Pre-history stone containers, objects used in daily life, epigraphy and lithic funerary inscriptions. Most would have been placed in tombs following the death of their owners.

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C- Funerary Practices

In the centre lies the anthropomorphic coffin that protects the muumy of Pabasa, a priest, which is surrounded by showcases of funerary statuettes, shaped as mummies, with the aim of performing agricultural labour for the deceased in the afterlife. Others, with amulets and beetles, whose function was to protect the Egyptians during death, as well as votive and servant statuettes.

Pabasa, lived during the Ptolemaic Period (303-30BC). He died aged around 40-50.

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D- Mummification

Rituals and preperations for the deceased’s journey into the afterlife are shown here. There are tow sarcophagi frm different periods with two human mummies, animal mummies (An Ibis, Hawk and Crocodiles), funerary masks, canopic jars, and votive vessels.

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The Mummy of Horsukmet, who lived between 285-30BC. He was between 50-60 years old when he died of prostate cancer.

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The Second mummy is Irtieru, who lived between 948-712BC, he was between 35-40 years old.

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The area also has four funerary cones, which display the names and titles of their owners. Placed on the walls of tombs, these are the interpreted as solar symbols where the names of the deceased are forever preserved.

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Below are bronze statuettes, ornaments and utensils.

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E- Greco-Roman Egypt

This unit presents a set of objects from the Coptic period, the moment of the Christianization of Egypt.

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National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh

The National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, was formed in 2006 with the merger of the new Museum of Scotland, with collections relating to Scottish antiquities, culture and history, and the adjacent Royal Museum (so renamed in 1995), with collections covering science and technology, natural history, and world cultures.

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The two connected buildings stand beside each other on Chambers Street, by the intersection with the George IV Bridge, in central Edinburgh. The museum is part of National Museums Scotland.

Address: Chambers St, Edinburgh EH1 1JF

Telephone: 0300 123 6789

Hours: Monday to Sunday · 10am–5pm

Website: http://www.nms.ac.uk/national-museum-of-scotland/

The museum is free to enter and has a reception area and cloakroom facility.

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There are two places to eat, their info is found below.

Balcony Café: https://www.list.co.uk/place/42556-balcony-cafe/

Museum Brasserie: https://food.list.co.uk/place/31085-museum-brasserie/

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National Museums Scotland’s Ancient Egyptian collection comprises around 6,000 items, including many unique and internationally significant objects, such as royal statuary, reliefs, mummies, coffins, papyri, furniture, jewellery and textiles.

About the Egyptian collections

(**PLEASE NOTE** The Egyptian galleries are currently closed for refurbishment and the addition of more floor space. The work isnt due to be finished before the end of 2018. There are a few cabinets and items situated throughout the open parts of the museum, so happy hunting!)

The Egyptian collection was begun in 1819, and many of the objects derive from archaeological excavations by A.H. Rhind, the Egypt Exploration Society, British School of Archaeology in Egypt, and Oxford and Liverpool Universities. The museum also has the only intact ancient Egyptian royal burial group outside of Egypt.

The Statue of Arensnuphis

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Above is a sandstone statue which once guarded the entrance of a temple in Nubia which was dedicated to the god Isis. Meroe 100-50BC

Below is the mummy and coffin of Iufenamun, a senior priest. It is believed that Iufenamun and his father Nesypaqashuty were given the task of removing the bodies of the Pharoahs from the Valley of the Kings, to protect them from grave robbers.

The Base and Coffin belong to Iufenamun but the lid belonged to his grandmother Tjentwerethequa.

img_1716 img_1717 img_1718 img_1719 img_1720 img_1721 img_1722 img_1723 img_1724 img_1726 img_1727 img_1729 The digitally reconstructed face of Iufenamun.

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A Pyramidion (c.1500BC)

Pyramidions formed the tops of tombs and were probably placed  the benben, the primeval mound of creation on which the sun god was born.

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img_1747 img_1748Right: Statue of Sekhmet, commisioned by Amenhotep III (1390-1352BC)

Sekhmet was a goddess who symbolised the fiery eye of the sun god Ra and took the form of a lion-headed woman. The broken headdress on this statue was originally a circular disk representing the sun.

 

Below: A Stone Coffin Lid

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Hunterian Museum, Glasgow

Visited 29th September 2016

img_1599The University of Glasgow’s Hunterian is the oldest museum in Scotland. It covers The Hunterian Museum, The Hunterian Art Gallery, The Mackintosh House, The Zoology Museum and The Anatomy Museum.

All are located in various buildings on the main campus of the University in the west end of Glasgow.

 

Address: University of Glasgow, University Ave, Glasgow G12 8QQ

Telephone 0141 330 4221

Website; http://www.gla.ac.uk/hunterian/

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Opening Hours: Closed Mondays, Tuesday to Saturday, 10.00am – 5.00pm

Sundays 11.00am – 4.00pm

Admission free

The Egypt Collection

The Coffin of Lady Shep-en-hor (26th Dynasty 600BCE)

The Hunterian’s famous mummy, Lady Shep-en-hor, is over 2500 years old and comes from Thebes in southern Egypt. The ancient Egyptians preserved bodies to help the deceased make the journey to the afterlife. The hieroglyphs on the brightly painted coffin are spells and charms to keep her safe.

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An inscription down the centre of the coffin reads “An offering the king gives to Osiris, the fimg_1640oremost of the westerners, the great god, lord of Abydos, so he may grant a good burial at the necropolis in the western desert of Thebes to the venerated one before Great God, Osiris, Shepenhor”

Nut, seen at the top of the picture right, was the goddess of the sky and heavens, married to the earth god Geb, and was associated with resurrection and rebirth.

Geb, seen with a green face, was associated with vegetation’. Horus, depicted as a falcon headed man, was god of the sky, his right eye represented the sun and his left the moon.

Panels on the coffin depict Osiris, the god of embalming. The text declares his services for embalming. The Horus eye offers protection from evil and protection in the afterlife.

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A couple of cabinets contain pottery, jewellery, glassware, everyday household items and beautiful statuettes, figurines of the god Osiris, scarabs, amulets and fertility figures.

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Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum, Glasgow.

Visited on 29th September 2016

The Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum is a museum and art gallery in Glasgow, Scotland. Since its 2003–06 refurbishment, the museum has been the most popular free-to-enter visitor attraction in Scotland.

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The gallery is located on Argyle Street, in the West End of the city, on the banks of the River Kelvin (opposite the architecturally similar Kelvin Hall, which was built in matching style in the 1920s, after the previous hall had been destroyed by fire). It is adjacent to Kelvingrove Park and is situated near the main campus of the University of Glasgow on Gilmorehill.

Address: Argyle St, Glasgow G3 8AG

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Opening Hours: Monday to Thursday & Saturday: 10am–5pm. Friday & Sundays 11am–5pm

Telephone: 0141 276 9599

Website: http://www.glasgowlife.org.uk/museums/kelvingrove/Pages/default.aspx

Free entry and Photography is permitted (without flash)

The Egyptian Room

Glasgow Museums has a collection of approximately 5,000 Ancient Egyptian objects. These date from the Predynastic Period through to the beginning of the Islamic Period (5500 BC–AD 641). The collection is the third largest of its kind in Scotland. It offers a representative sample of typical Egyptian objects, largely from a funerary context.

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The Large Stone Sarcophagus of Pa-ba-sa

A Great Steward, Pabasa’s painted tomb can be visited in Western Thebes, Luxor. Below is his massive stone sarcophagus (26th Dynasty 656-640BCE)

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The Mummy and Coffin of Ankh-es-nefer

“The Lady of the House” Ankhesnefer (26th Dynasty 624-525BCE)

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On the lid of the coffin Anubis anoints her mummy which lies on a couch. The God Thoth leads her by the hand to have her heart weighed before Osiris and the Monster Ammut waits to record with his pen Thoth’s judgement of Ankhesnefer.

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The Coffin of Nakht

Based on its size, this coffin would have been intended for a child. However, it actually contained the skeleton of an adult man, which suggests he was reburied.

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The coffin dates from the Middle Kingdom, 12th dynasty and is painted to resemble the walls of a mud brick palace. The eyes on the left side are to allow the deceased to be reborn daily by watching the rising sun, while the bands of hieroglyphs identify the coffin as being for a man called Nakht.

Other Items include pottery, shabtis, amulets, scarabs, beadwork, cartonnage, figurines, soul-houses, offering trays, hieroglyphic inscriptions (particularly those on stelae and sculptured reliefs), funerary cones, cosmetic equipment, textiles and mummified human and animal remains.

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There is also an important collection of sculptures and flints from the Egyptian copper and turquoise mines at Wadi Maghara and Serabit el-Khadim in Sinai, a small collection of Predynastic flints from domestic sites in the Eastern Desert, a collection of representative coffins dating from the Middle Kingdom to the Ptolemaic Period, and a substantial collection of domestic material from the Greco-Roman town of Oxyrhynchus.